IELTS Writing Task 2: In many countries, day by day rubbish (garbage) is increasing. Why is it happening? What can be done?

Curbing the Rising Tide of Waste

The alarming surge in garbage accumulation across nations is a pressing concern with significant implications for our environment and quality of life. Several factors contribute to this escalating problem. Firstly, the world’s growing population means more goods are consumed, leading to an inevitable surge in waste production. Secondly, swift urbanization and industrialization often outpace waste management infrastructures, resulting in improper disposal. The ubiquity of single-use plastics and excessive packaging compounds this issue, as these materials endure for centuries, polluting both land and oceans.

Addressing this challenge requires a multifaceted approach. Education is paramount; instilling the importance of recycling, reusing, and reducing waste can instill responsible habits from a young age. Governments play a vital role by enforcing stringent waste management policies, encouraging waste segregation, and investing in recycling facilities. Industries can contribute by adopting eco-friendly practices, reducing plastic usage, and investing in biodegradable alternatives. Community engagement is also crucial; organizing clean-up campaigns and spreading awareness can significantly reduce littering and foster a sense of environmental stewardship.

In conclusion, tackling the mounting garbage issue demands collective effort. Through education, strict policies, corporate responsibility, and community engagement, societies can work together to mitigate this problem. It’s about fostering a culture of responsible consumption and environmental awareness. By taking these steps, we can pave the way for a cleaner, healthier future for our planet.


Arranging your time effectively during the IELTS Writing Task 2 is crucial to ensure you can plan, write, and revise your essay within the allotted 40 minutes. Here’s a suggested time breakdown to help you manage your time efficiently:

1. Understand the Question (5 minutes):

  • Read the essay question carefully and underline key points.
  • Identify the topic, the specific question, and what is expected from your response.
  • Spend a few minutes brainstorming ideas and organizing your thoughts. Create a rough outline of your essay, including the introduction, body paragraphs, and conclusion.

2. Plan Your Essay (5 minutes):

  • Create a clear thesis statement in response to the question. Your thesis should outline your main argument or perspective.
  • Plan your body paragraphs. Decide on 2-3 main points or arguments that support your thesis. Each point should be discussed in a separate paragraph.
  • Think about examples, reasons, or evidence you can use to support each of your main points.

3. Write Your Essay (25 minutes):

  • Start with an engaging introduction that introduces the topic, presents your thesis statement, and outlines the main points you will discuss.
  • Write your body paragraphs. Each paragraph should begin with a topic sentence that introduces the main point, followed by supporting details or examples. Make sure to explain your points clearly and provide relevant examples.
  • Aim for clear, concise language. Avoid overly complex sentences that may lead to confusion.
  • Ensure your essay has a logical flow. Use transition words (e.g., furthermore, moreover, however) to connect your ideas and paragraphs.
  • Leave a few minutes at the end to write a concluding paragraph that summarizes your main points and restates your thesis in a different way.

4. Revise and Proofread (5 minutes):

  • Review your essay for grammar, vocabulary, and spelling errors. Correct any mistakes you find.
  • Check the overall coherence and cohesion of your essay. Ensure your ideas are well-organized and linked together logically.
  • Verify that you have addressed all parts of the essay question and that your response is relevant and on-topic.
  • If time allows, make minor revisions for clarity and coherence.

Important Tips:

  • Practice Time Management: Practice writing essays under timed conditions to improve your ability to manage time effectively.
  • Stay Focused: Stick to the topic and avoid going off on tangents, which can waste precious time.
  • Plan Your Word Count: Aim for around 250-300 words. Writing significantly fewer or more words may affect your score.
  • Practice Regularly: Regular practice will help you become more comfortable with the time constraints and improve your writing skills.

By following this structured approach and practicing regularly, you can enhance your time management skills and write a well-organized, coherent, and concise essay during the IELTS Writing Task 2.

About the Author

Eleanor Mitchell

I'm Eleanor Mitchell, and I've been fortunate to teach English for a little over 20 years now, which has deeply enriched my teaching.

My aim is simple: to make English more understandable and to nurture better communication. I always strive to learn from my students, adapting my methods to suit your preferences.

Let's learn and explore language together—I'm excited to embark on this journey with you.

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