IELTS Writing Task 2: Nowadays people waste a lot of food that was bought from shops and restaurants. Why do you think people waste food? What can be done to reduce the amount of food they throw away?

Addressing Food Wastage: A Call for Responsible Consumption

In the contemporary consumer-driven world, the issue of food wastage has become increasingly prevalent. Several factors contribute to this concerning trend. Firstly, the abundance of readily available food in shops and restaurants has led to a culture of overindulgence. People often buy more than they can consume, especially in the face of enticing discounts and promotions, resulting in surplus food that eventually goes to waste. Secondly, the lack of awareness about the environmental and ethical consequences of food wastage plays a significant role. Many individuals are unaware of the enormous carbon footprint associated with wasted food, along with the social implications of hunger in less fortunate communities.

To curb this wasteful habit, several measures can be implemented. Firstly, raising awareness is pivotal. Educational campaigns in schools, workplaces, and public spaces can inform people about the environmental impact of food wastage and encourage responsible consumption. Secondly, there needs to be a reevaluation of portion sizes in restaurants and fast-food outlets. Encouraging smaller portions and offering take-home options for leftovers can substantially reduce the amount of food wasted. Additionally, implementing stricter inventory management in supermarkets and restaurants can minimize overstocking and lead to reduced wastage. Embracing technology, such as apps that connect surplus food with charities or community organizations, can facilitate the redistribution of excess food to those in need.

Moreover, governments can play a significant role by enforcing regulations that discourage food wastage. Incentives for businesses and individuals who actively participate in food waste reduction initiatives can be introduced. Furthermore, tax breaks or subsidies could be offered to food establishments that donate surplus food to charities rather than discarding it.

In conclusion, tackling the issue of food wastage requires a comprehensive approach involving education, awareness, responsible practices, and government intervention. By fostering a culture of mindful consumption and promoting responsible management in both households and businesses, society can significantly reduce the staggering amount of food thrown away, thus mitigating environmental harm and addressing societal hunger.


Arranging your time effectively during the IELTS Writing Task 2 is crucial to ensure you can plan, write, and revise your essay within the allotted 40 minutes. Here’s a suggested time breakdown to help you manage your time efficiently:

1. Understand the Question (5 minutes):

  • Read the essay question carefully and underline key points.
  • Identify the topic, the specific question, and what is expected from your response.
  • Spend a few minutes brainstorming ideas and organizing your thoughts. Create a rough outline of your essay, including the introduction, body paragraphs, and conclusion.

2. Plan Your Essay (5 minutes):

  • Create a clear thesis statement in response to the question. Your thesis should outline your main argument or perspective.
  • Plan your body paragraphs. Decide on 2-3 main points or arguments that support your thesis. Each point should be discussed in a separate paragraph.
  • Think about examples, reasons, or evidence you can use to support each of your main points.

3. Write Your Essay (25 minutes):

  • Start with an engaging introduction that introduces the topic, presents your thesis statement, and outlines the main points you will discuss.
  • Write your body paragraphs. Each paragraph should begin with a topic sentence that introduces the main point, followed by supporting details or examples. Make sure to explain your points clearly and provide relevant examples.
  • Aim for clear, concise language. Avoid overly complex sentences that may lead to confusion.
  • Ensure your essay has a logical flow. Use transition words (e.g., furthermore, moreover, however) to connect your ideas and paragraphs.
  • Leave a few minutes at the end to write a concluding paragraph that summarizes your main points and restates your thesis in a different way.

4. Revise and Proofread (5 minutes):

  • Review your essay for grammar, vocabulary, and spelling errors. Correct any mistakes you find.
  • Check the overall coherence and cohesion of your essay. Ensure your ideas are well-organized and linked together logically.
  • Verify that you have addressed all parts of the essay question and that your response is relevant and on-topic.
  • If time allows, make minor revisions for clarity and coherence.

Important Tips:

  • Practice Time Management: Practice writing essays under timed conditions to improve your ability to manage time effectively.
  • Stay Focused: Stick to the topic and avoid going off on tangents, which can waste precious time.
  • Plan Your Word Count: Aim for around 250-300 words. Writing significantly fewer or more words may affect your score.
  • Practice Regularly: Regular practice will help you become more comfortable with the time constraints and improve your writing skills.

By following this structured approach and practicing regularly, you can enhance your time management skills and write a well-organized, coherent, and concise essay during the IELTS Writing Task 2.

About the Author

Eleanor Mitchell

I'm Eleanor Mitchell, and I've been fortunate to teach English for a little over 20 years now, which has deeply enriched my teaching.

My aim is simple: to make English more understandable and to nurture better communication. I always strive to learn from my students, adapting my methods to suit your preferences.

Let's learn and explore language together—I'm excited to embark on this journey with you.

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