IELTS Writing Task 2: People nowadays are not as fit and active as they were in the past. What are the reasons for this? What measures can be taken for this?

Modern Inactivity: Causes and Cures

In our fast-paced, technology-driven world, the levels of physical fitness and activity have witnessed a notable decline when compared to the past. Multiple factors contribute to this growing concern. Primarily, the advent of technology and the digital age have engendered a sedentary lifestyle. The proliferation of screens, from smartphones to computers and televisions, has lured individuals into a cycle of prolonged sitting, where once active routines have been replaced by passive screen time.

Another significant factor is the change in working conditions. Many jobs have transitioned from physically demanding labor to desk-bound roles. Long hours spent at a computer, often coupled with extensive commutes, leave individuals physically drained and disinclined to engage in physical activities. This shift in the nature of work has further exacerbated the problem of inactivity.

Moreover, the modern urban environment presents challenges for physical activity. Overcrowded cities with limited green spaces and safe recreational areas make it harder for individuals to engage in outdoor activities. The fear of traffic and lack of access to parks can deter people from embracing an active lifestyle.

To address this growing issue, a multifaceted approach is required. First, public awareness campaigns should be launched to educate individuals about the risks of a sedentary lifestyle. Schools, workplaces, and communities should promote the benefits of regular physical activity. Simultaneously, urban planning should prioritize the creation of accessible and safe public spaces for exercise and recreation. Investing in bike lanes, parks, and pedestrian-friendly infrastructure can significantly encourage physical activity.

Moreover, businesses and institutions should implement wellness programs that encourage employees and students to incorporate physical activity into their daily routines. Flexible work hours, standing desks, and on-site gyms are a few measures that can make a substantial difference. Additionally, governments should incentivize physical fitness through tax breaks for fitness-related expenses and by introducing policies that encourage active commuting, like cycling or walking.

In conclusion, the decline in physical fitness and activity in the modern world can be attributed to a combination of factors, including technology, work conditions, and urban environments. However, with a concerted effort involving awareness, urban planning, workplace changes, and government policies, individuals can be motivated to lead healthier, more active lives.


Arranging your time effectively during the IELTS Writing Task 2 is crucial to ensure you can plan, write, and revise your essay within the allotted 40 minutes. Here’s a suggested time breakdown to help you manage your time efficiently:

1. Understand the Question (5 minutes):

  • Read the essay question carefully and underline key points.
  • Identify the topic, the specific question, and what is expected from your response.
  • Spend a few minutes brainstorming ideas and organizing your thoughts. Create a rough outline of your essay, including the introduction, body paragraphs, and conclusion.

2. Plan Your Essay (5 minutes):

  • Create a clear thesis statement in response to the question. Your thesis should outline your main argument or perspective.
  • Plan your body paragraphs. Decide on 2-3 main points or arguments that support your thesis. Each point should be discussed in a separate paragraph.
  • Think about examples, reasons, or evidence you can use to support each of your main points.

3. Write Your Essay (25 minutes):

  • Start with an engaging introduction that introduces the topic, presents your thesis statement, and outlines the main points you will discuss.
  • Write your body paragraphs. Each paragraph should begin with a topic sentence that introduces the main point, followed by supporting details or examples. Make sure to explain your points clearly and provide relevant examples.
  • Aim for clear, concise language. Avoid overly complex sentences that may lead to confusion.
  • Ensure your essay has a logical flow. Use transition words (e.g., furthermore, moreover, however) to connect your ideas and paragraphs.
  • Leave a few minutes at the end to write a concluding paragraph that summarizes your main points and restates your thesis in a different way.

4. Revise and Proofread (5 minutes):

  • Review your essay for grammar, vocabulary, and spelling errors. Correct any mistakes you find.
  • Check the overall coherence and cohesion of your essay. Ensure your ideas are well-organized and linked together logically.
  • Verify that you have addressed all parts of the essay question and that your response is relevant and on-topic.
  • If time allows, make minor revisions for clarity and coherence.

Important Tips:

  • Practice Time Management: Practice writing essays under timed conditions to improve your ability to manage time effectively.
  • Stay Focused: Stick to the topic and avoid going off on tangents, which can waste precious time.
  • Plan Your Word Count: Aim for around 250-300 words. Writing significantly fewer or more words may affect your score.
  • Practice Regularly: Regular practice will help you become more comfortable with the time constraints and improve your writing skills.

By following this structured approach and practicing regularly, you can enhance your time management skills and write a well-organized, coherent, and concise essay during the IELTS Writing Task 2.

About the Author

Eleanor Mitchell

I'm Eleanor Mitchell, and I've been fortunate to teach English for a little over 20 years now, which has deeply enriched my teaching.

My aim is simple: to make English more understandable and to nurture better communication. I always strive to learn from my students, adapting my methods to suit your preferences.

Let's learn and explore language together—I'm excited to embark on this journey with you.

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