IELTS Writing Task 2: Some people see shopping as a leisure activity mostly for young adults, while others disagree. Do you think this has a positive or negative effect on economic development? Give your opinion and include relevant examples.

Shopping: Beyond Leisure, Fueling Economies

The perception of shopping as a leisure activity, particularly among young adults, is a topic that stirs diverse opinions. Some view it as a frivolous pastime, while others recognize its substantial impact on economic development. In my view, shopping, when approached responsibly, has a predominantly positive effect on economic growth, serving as a vital engine for various sectors and fostering entrepreneurial initiatives.

Firstly, the retail industry significantly contributes to a country’s GDP. Consumer spending fuels economic growth by stimulating demand for goods and services. Retail businesses provide employment opportunities, particularly in sectors like fashion, electronics, and food. Jobs in retail often serve as entry points into the workforce, aiding young adults in gaining valuable skills and experience, thus contributing positively to their personal development.

Moreover, shopping serves as a catalyst for innovation and entrepreneurship. Entrepreneurs recognize market demands and create innovative products, driving economic progress. E-commerce platforms have democratized entrepreneurship, enabling small businesses to reach a global audience. This accessibility nurtures creativity, leading to the development of niche markets and unique products. For instance, the rise of handmade crafts and eco-friendly products caters to the growing demand for sustainable consumerism.

However, it is crucial to balance consumerism with environmental responsibility. Excessive consumption can lead to waste and environmental degradation. Sustainable shopping practices, such as supporting ethical brands and recycling initiatives, mitigate negative environmental impacts. Governments and businesses can further promote responsible consumption through awareness campaigns and incentives for eco-friendly practices.

In conclusion, shopping, when undertaken responsibly, acts as a cornerstone for economic development. It generates revenue, creates employment opportunities, fosters innovation, and supports entrepreneurship. By promoting ethical and sustainable shopping habits, societies can maximize the positive impact of consumerism on both economic growth and environmental conservation.


Arranging your time effectively during the IELTS Writing Task 2 is crucial to ensure you can plan, write, and revise your essay within the allotted 40 minutes. Here’s a suggested time breakdown to help you manage your time efficiently:

1. Understand the Question (5 minutes):

  • Read the essay question carefully and underline key points.
  • Identify the topic, the specific question, and what is expected from your response.
  • Spend a few minutes brainstorming ideas and organizing your thoughts. Create a rough outline of your essay, including the introduction, body paragraphs, and conclusion.

2. Plan Your Essay (5 minutes):

  • Create a clear thesis statement in response to the question. Your thesis should outline your main argument or perspective.
  • Plan your body paragraphs. Decide on 2-3 main points or arguments that support your thesis. Each point should be discussed in a separate paragraph.
  • Think about examples, reasons, or evidence you can use to support each of your main points.

3. Write Your Essay (25 minutes):

  • Start with an engaging introduction that introduces the topic, presents your thesis statement, and outlines the main points you will discuss.
  • Write your body paragraphs. Each paragraph should begin with a topic sentence that introduces the main point, followed by supporting details or examples. Make sure to explain your points clearly and provide relevant examples.
  • Aim for clear, concise language. Avoid overly complex sentences that may lead to confusion.
  • Ensure your essay has a logical flow. Use transition words (e.g., furthermore, moreover, however) to connect your ideas and paragraphs.
  • Leave a few minutes at the end to write a concluding paragraph that summarizes your main points and restates your thesis in a different way.

4. Revise and Proofread (5 minutes):

  • Review your essay for grammar, vocabulary, and spelling errors. Correct any mistakes you find.
  • Check the overall coherence and cohesion of your essay. Ensure your ideas are well-organized and linked together logically.
  • Verify that you have addressed all parts of the essay question and that your response is relevant and on-topic.
  • If time allows, make minor revisions for clarity and coherence.

Important Tips:

  • Practice Time Management: Practice writing essays under timed conditions to improve your ability to manage time effectively.
  • Stay Focused: Stick to the topic and avoid going off on tangents, which can waste precious time.
  • Plan Your Word Count: Aim for around 250-300 words. Writing significantly fewer or more words may affect your score.
  • Practice Regularly: Regular practice will help you become more comfortable with the time constraints and improve your writing skills.

By following this structured approach and practicing regularly, you can enhance your time management skills and write a well-organized, coherent, and concise essay during the IELTS Writing Task 2.

About the Author

Eleanor Mitchell

I'm Eleanor Mitchell, and I've been fortunate to teach English for a little over 20 years now, which has deeply enriched my teaching.

My aim is simple: to make English more understandable and to nurture better communication. I always strive to learn from my students, adapting my methods to suit your preferences.

Let's learn and explore language together—I'm excited to embark on this journey with you.

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